Congo Basin peatlands: threats and conservation priorities

The recent publication of the first spatially explicit map of peatlands in the Cuvette Centrale, central Congo Basin, reveals it to be the most extensive tropical peatland complex, at ca. 145,500 km 2 . With an estimated 30.6 Pg of carbon stored in these peatlands, there are now questions about whether these carbon stocks are under threat and, if so, what can be done to protect them. Here, we analyse the potential threats to Congo Basin peat carbon stocks and identify knowledge gaps in relation to these threats, and to how the peatland systems might respond. Climate change emerges as a particularly pressing concern, given its potential to destabilise carbon stocks across the whole area. Socio-economic developments are increasing across central Africa and, whilst much of the peatland area is protected on paper by some form of conservation designation, the potential exists for hydrocarbon exploration, logging, plantations and other forms of disturbance to significantly damage the peatland ecosystems. The low level of human intervention at present suggests that the opportunity still exists to protect the peatlands in a largely intact state, possibly drawing on climate change mitigation funding, which can be used not only to protect the peat carbon pool but also to improve the livelihoods of people living in and around these peatlands.
  • Authors: Dargie, G.C., Lawson, I.T., Rayden, T.J., Miles, L., Mitchard, E.T.A., Page, S.E., Bocko, Y.E., Ifo, S.A., Lewis, S.L.
  • Author Affiliation: School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, United Kingdom, Department of Geography, University College, London, WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom, Department of Geography and Sustainable Development, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, KY16 9AL, United Kingdom, Wildlife Conservation Society, 2300 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, NY 10460, United States, UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge, CB3 0DL, United Kingdom, School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH9 3FF, United Kingdom, School of Geography, Geology and Environment, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH, United Kingdom, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Marien Ngouabi, Brazzaville, Congo, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Université Marien Ngouabi, Brazzaville, Congo
  • Subjects: peatlands, tropics, carbon sinks, conservation, climate change, human activities, livelihoods
  • Publication type: Journal Article
  • Source: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 24(4): 669-686
  • Year: 2019
  • DOI:
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