Illipe nut plantation on undrained peatland in Indonesia

Illipe species or Shorea spp. (local name: tengkawang) is a Southeast Asian climax forest tree. In term of GHG emissions, the impact of Illipe tree cultivation is neutral when compared to undrained secondary peat swamp forest. The Illipe nuts are an important non–timber forest product with a high commercial value. The fat derived from the nuts is used in chocolate and similar products. The fruiting, usually occurs every 3–4 years after a period of several rainless weeks. The tree also produces q uality timber for plywood face–veneer.
  • Authors: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Author Affiliation: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • Subjects: peatlands, plantation crops, small scale farming, nontimber forest products
  • Publication type: Factsheet
  • Year: 2015
Latest posts


Founding member states
Republic of Indonesia Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of Peru
Coordinating partners
Ministry of Environment and Forestry Republic of Indonesia CIFOR UN Environment FAO