Tropical peatland forests in Indonesia are facing a lot of pressure, resulting increased deforestation and degradation of intact forests. Both natural and anthropogenic cause of changes –concentrated in Sumatra and Kalimantan, Indonesia –has been reported as 3.4% y-1 from 1990 –2010. Currently, only ~ 41% to 44% of the original peatland forests of Kalimantan left. As a result of both changes, degraded peatlands have altered their balance on their natural conditions and roles, since degradation of forestcover is often a complex process with their own of ecological recovery. A study has been executed to explore the effect of forest degradation on forest structure and their biomass allocation in coastal peatland forest of Kubu Raya, West Kalimantan. Forty eight of a 50 x 50 m sized plots with variety of degradation level were assessed for their tree structure, density, stand biomass, and basal area and compared. Results show that forest degradation shifted tree diameter 10-20 cm dominance on their biomass stocks to larger trees (>20 cm) and smaller one (5-10 cm). Forest structure seems in a good and normal shape from small tree to large one. It is indicated that high degraded forest demonstrate a decline its biomass allocation, tree density per hectare, basal area on each level of forest structures.
- Authors: Astiani, D., Curran, L.M., Salim, R., Lisnawati, N., Ratnasari, D., Firwanta, D.D., Purwanto, Y.
- Author Affiliation: Tanjungpura University
- Subjects: basal area, peatlands, biomass, tree density, degradation, trees
- Publication type: Journal Article
- Source: Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika 7(3): 24-28
- Year: 2016
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.29244/j-siltrop.7.3.S24-S28