Improvement of early growth of two tropical peat-swamp forest tree species Ploiarium alternifolium and Calophyllum hosei by two arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi under greenhouse conditions

Tropical peat-swamp forests are one of the largest near-surface reserves of terrestrial carbon. However, many peat-swamp forest tree species have resulted in the reduction due to over-exploitation, forest fires and conversion into agricultural land in Indonesia. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of two arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi, Glomus clarum and G. aggregatum, on the early growth of two slow-growing peat-swamp forest tree species, Ploiarium alternifolium and Calophyllum hosei, under greenhouse conditions. Cuttings of P. alternifolium and C. hosei were uninoculated or inoculated with G. clarum and G. aggregatum and grown under greenhouse conditions for 6 months. Percentage AM colonization, plant growth, phosphorus (P) concentration and survival rate were measured. The AM colonization of P. alternifolium and C. hosei ranged from 27 to 32% and 18 to 19%, respectively. Colonization by G. clarum and G. aggregatum increased shoot height, stem diameter, leaf number, and shoot and root dry weights. Cutting shoot P content were increased by AM fungal colonization. The survival rates of inoculated plants were higher (100%) than those of control plants (67%). The results suggest that inoculation with AM fungi improves early growth of P. alternifolium and C. hosei in a tropical peat-swamp forest and can therefore contribute to rehabilitation of peat-swamps. © 2008 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
  • Authors: Turjaman, M., Tamai, Y., Sitepu, I.R., Santoso, E., Osaki, M., Tawaraya, K.
  • Author Affiliation: Ministry of Forestry, Indonesia, Yamagata University, Hokkaido University
  • Subjects: Concentration (process), Fungi, Phosphorus, Calophyllum hosei, Glomus, Survival rate, Forestry, arbuscular mycorrhiza, colonization, concentration (composition), fungus, growth response, nutrient availability, peat, survival, swamp, tropical environment, Concentration, Forestry, Fungi, Asia, Eurasia, Indonesia, Southeast Asia, Arbuscular, Calophyllum, Fungi, Glomus, Glomus aggregatum, Glomus clarum, Ploiarium alternifolium
  • Publication type: Journal Article
  • Source: New Forests 36(1): 1-12
  • Year: 2008
  • DOI:
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